Psoriatic arthritis is considered if pain and swelling develop in joints in psoriatic patients. Psoriatic arthritis can be seen in knee, elbow, wrist, finger, shoulder joints. It may also occur in the joint at the lower part of the belly (sacroiliac).
Due to inflammation in the joints of fingers (fingers), fingers can take the form of sausage.
Inflammation may occur in joints and tendons and ligaments around them (joint ligaments).
Usually joints are affected by disease before joints. Arthritis does not develop in all psoriasis patients. According to research done, arthritis is seen in 7-35% of psoriasis patients and the risk increases as the disease progresses.
If arthritis is not treated, deformities will occur.
Are there other health problems associated with psoriasis?
Previously, it was thought that psoriasis affects only the skin and joints. However, recent research indicates that there is an increased risk of other diseases in severe psoriasis patients. Obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure and cardiovascular disease indicators including high cholesterol are more common in psoriatic patients compared to the general population.
In addition to physical health problems, the mental condition is also adversely affected by the disease. Frequent wrong perception of the disease by the public can compromise the social interactions of psoriasis. Misconception that the disease is contagious affects both the private and working lives of patients.
It is natural to experience feelings of sadness, anger and frustration when struggling with the disease. Knowing and managing these feelings can be as important as treating the physical symptoms of the disease. It is therefore beneficial for the referral dermatologist to have a working relationship with a psychiatrist.
Does the climate affect the severity of psoriasis?
Dry air, lack of sunlight and low temperatures cause people to get sick more often during the Autumn / Winter season. Decrease in humidity in the air can lead to deep drying and itching, and dropping immunity can lead to the exacerbation of the disease. The natural ultraviolet rays, which are more exposed in the spring / summer season, may have a positive effect on psoriasis, but sunburn can irritate the disease.
For this reason, you should learn from your doctor how long you will be exposed to these rays. You should use sunscreen recommended by your doctor during sunbathing.
What should be considered during pregnancy and breastfeeding?
There is no evidence that psoriasis affects the female or male reproductive system. However, you should consult your doctor if you are safe for fertility, pregnancy and breastfeeding for some treatments that help control psoriasis.
Is psoriasis hereditary? Will the child pass?
Family narratives are present in 30 to 40% of psoriasis cases. However, psoriasis is not a 100% hereditary disease. Although the rate of psoriasis in children of psoriasis patients is higher than that of healthy children, it does not mean that they will be caught definitively.